The word "moxa" comes from ''mogusa'' . also serves as a synonym for moxa in Japan. uses the same character as ''mogusa'', but pronounced differently: ''ài'', also called ''àiróng'' .
The Chinese character for moxa forms one half of the two making up the Chinese word that often gets translated as "acupuncture" zhēnjiǔ .
Theory and practice
Practitioners use moxa to warm regions and acupuncture points with the intention of stimulating through the points and inducing a smoother flow of blood and qi. Research, for example at has shown that mugwort acts as an emmenagogue, meaning that it stimulates blood-flow in the and uterus. It is claimed that moxibustion militates against cold and dampness in the body and can serve to turn
Medical historians believe that moxibustion pre-dated acupuncture, and needling came to supplement moxa after the 2nd century BC. Different schools of acupuncture use moxa in varying degrees. For example a will use moxa directly on the skin, whilst a -style practitioner will use rolls of moxa and hold them over the point treated. It can also be burnt atop a fine slice of ginger root to prevent scarring.
Practitioners consider moxibustion to be especially effective in the treatment of chronic problems, "deficient conditions" , and gerontology. , one of the most famous semi-legendary doctors of Chinese antiquity and the first specialist in moxibustion, discussed the benefits of moxa over acupuncture in his classic work. He asserted that moxa could add new energy to the body and could treat both excess and deficient conditions. On the other hand, he advised against the use of acupuncture in an already deficient patient, on the grounds that needle manipulation would leak too much energy.
A huge classical work, ''Gao Huang Shu'' , specialises solely in treatment indications for moxa on a single point .
Note that Taoists use scarring moxibustion along with Chinese medical astrology for longevity.
Practitioners may use acupuncture needles made of various materials in combination with moxa, depending on the direction of qi flow they wish to stimulate.
Parallel uses of mugwort
In and South America, indigenous peoples regard mugwort as a sacred plant of divination and spiritual healing, as well as a . Mugwort amongst other herbs were often bound into smudge sticks. Europeans placed sprigs of mugwort under pillows to provoke dreams; and the herb had associations with the practice of in times.